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The only laws of matter are those which our minds fabricate, and the only laws of mind are fabricated for it by matter. - James Clerk Maxwell -
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1. 인도영화 찰 찰라 찰 (2009) 자막 & Others

 Chal. Chala. Chal (2009) OST Muvie

1. Chal.Chala.Chal OST "Naacho" 
 영화 자막

Madan Mohan Malaviya (1861-1946)
 was an Indian politician, notable for his role in the freedom struggle and his espousal of Hindu nationalism. He was one of the founders of scouting in India.

He worked for the eradication of caste barrier in temples and other social barriers. He is believed to have undergone aKayakalpa[citation needed]. Also, he organized a mass of 200 Dalit peoples, including the Hindu Dalit (Harijan) leader P. N. Rajbhoj to demand entry at the Kalaram Temple on a Rath Yatra day. All those who participated in this event took a dip in the Godavari Riverand chanted Hindu mantras.[4] Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya made massive efforts for the entry into any Hindu temple.

Employees' Provident Fund Organisation of India
The Employees' Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) (Hindi: कर्मचारी भविष्य निधि संगठन, of Indiais a state sponsored compulsory contributory pension and insurance scheme. It is one of the largest social security organisations in the world in terms of members and volume of financial transactions undertaken

Every cloud has a silver lining
means that you should never feel hopeless because difficult times always lead to better days. Example: "What am I going to do? My girlfriend has left me again!" Reply: "Don't worry. It will be all right. Every cloud has a silver lining." 

Difficult times are like dark clouds that pass overhead and block the sun. When we look more closely at the edges of every cloud we can see the sun shining there like a silver liningExample: "I found a new job after all, and I like this one even better than the last." Reply: "You see? Every cloud has a silver lining." 

Every cloud has a silver lining means that the sun shining at the edges of every cloud reminds us that every difficult situation has a bright side. Example: "This really is a tough situation. Do you think things will work out for the best?" Reply: "I'm sure they will. Every cloud has a silver lining."


The Kōh-i Nūr HindiकोहिनूरPersian/Urdu: کوہ نور, Bangla: কহিনূর); "Mountain of Light"(Teluguకోహినూరు; also spelled KohinoorKoh-e Noor or Koh-i-Nur)

is a 105 carat (21.6 g) diamond that was once the largest known diamond in the world. The Kohinoor originated at Golconda in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. It has belonged to various Mughal and Persian rulers who fought bitterly over it at various points in history and seized as a spoil of war time and again. It was finally seized by the East India Company and became part of the British Crown Jewelswhen British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli proclaimed Queen Victoria Empress of India in 1877.

Like all significant jewels, the Kohinoor has its share of legends. It is reputed to bring misfortune or death to any male who wears or owns it. Conversely, it is reputed to bring good luck to female owners. According to another legend, whoever owns the Koh-i-Noor rules the world.


The origins of the diamond are unclear. Many early stories of great diamonds in southern India exist, but it is hard to establish which one was the Koh-i-noor. According to some sources, the Koh-i-noor was originally found more than 5000 years ago, and is mentioned in ancient Sanskrit writings under the name Syamantaka. According to some Hindu mythological accounts,[1]Krishna himself obtained the diamond from Jambavantha, whose daughter Jambavati later married Krishna. The legend says that the diamond was from the Sun God to Satrajith (father of Satyabhama)which produces 1000 kg of gold daily. Krishna got the blame of stealing the diamond from Satrajith's brother who is actually killed by a lion which in turn was killed by Jambavantha[2].

Historical evidence suggests that the Kohinoor originated in the Golconda kingdom, in the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, one of the world's earliest diamond producing regions. This region was the only known source for diamonds until 1730 when diamonds were discovered in Brazil. The term "Golconda" diamond has come to define diamonds of the finest white color, clarity and transparency. They are very rare and highly sought after.

South Indian folklore is definite in claiming a local origin for the stone. It is likely that the diamond was mined in the Kollur mines near the village Paritala in the present day Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh[3][4]. The diamond became the property of Kakatiya kings. The Khilji dynasty at Delhi ended in 1320 A.D. and Ghiyas ud din Tughluq Shah I ascended theDelhi throne. Tughlaq sent his son Ulugh Khan in 1323 to defeat the Kakatiya king Prataparudra. Ulugh Khan’s raid was repulsed but he returned in a month with a larger and determined army. The unprepared army of Kakatiya was defeated. The loot, plunder and destruction of Orugallu(present day Warangal), the capital of Kakatiya Kingdom, continued for months. Loads of gold, diamonds, pearls and ivory were carried away to Delhi on elephants, horses and camels. The Koh-i-noor diamond was part of the bounty[5][6]. From then onwards, the stone passed through the hands of successive rulers of theDelhi sultanate, finally passing to Babur, the first Mughal emperor, in 1526.

The first confirmed note historically mentioning the Koh-i-noor by an identifiable name dates from 1526. Babur mentions in his memoirs, the Baburnama, that the stone had belonged to an un-named Rajah of Malwa in 1294. Babur held the stone's value to be such as to feed the whole world for two days. The Baburnama recounts how Rajah of Malwa was compelled to yield his prized possession to Ala ud din Khilji; it was then owned by a succession of dynasties that ruled the Delhi sultanate, finally coming into the possession of Babur himself in 1526, following his victory over the last ruler of that kingdom. However, the Baburnama was written c.1526-30; Babur's source for this information is unknown, and he may have been recounting the hearsay of his day. He did not at that time call the stone by its present name, but despite some debate[1]about the identity of 'Babur's Diamond' it seems likely that it was the stone which later became known as Koh-i-noor.

Both Babur and Humayun mention very clearly in their memoirs the origins of 'Babur's Diamond'. This diamond was with the Kachhwaha rulers of Gwalior and then inherited by the Tomara line. The last of Tomaras, Vikramaditya, was defeated bySikandar Lodi, Sultan of Delhi and became Delhi sultanate pensioner and resided in Delhi. On the defeat of Lodis and replacement by Mughals, his house was looted by the mughals and Prince Humayun interceded and restored his property even allowing him to leave Delhi and take refuge in Mewar at Chittaur. In return for Humayun's kindness, one of the diamonds, most likely the Koh-i-noor, in possession of Prince Vikaramaditya was given to Humayun in gratitude. Humayun had much bad luck throughout his life. Sher Shah Suri, who defeated Humayun, died in the flames of a burst cannon. His son Jalal Khan was murdered by his brother-in-law, who was overthrown by his minister, who in turn lost the empire of India by the unlucky accident of getting hit in the eye at stroke of victory. Humayun's son, Akbar, never kept the diamond with himself and later only Shah Jahan took it out of his treasury. Akbar's grandson, Shah Jahan was overthrown by his son,Aurangazeb, who orchestrated the death and murder of his three brothers.


Go down the tube (or tubes)

informal be completely lost or wasted; fail utterly


Lakshmi (pronunciation: [ləkʂ.miː]Sanskritलक्ष्मी lakṣmī

is the Hindu goddess ofwealth, prosperity, purity, and generosity; and the embodiment of beauty, grace and charm. Representations of Lakshmi (or Shri) are found also in Jain and Buddhistmonuments, with the earliest archeological representation found in Buddhist monuments. [1]

Lakshmi in Sanskrit is derived from its elemental form "lakS," meaning to perceive or observe.[2] This is synonymous with Template:Lakṣya, meaning aim or objective. Lakshmi is thus goddess of the means to achieving objectives, including prosperity in the lives of humankind.

She is the consort of Vishnu[3] and married Rama (in her incarnation as Sita) andKrishna (as Rukmini).


Mahalaxmi Temple

is one of the most famous temples of Mumbai. Built around 1785, the history of this temple is supposedly connected with the building of the Hornby Vellard (see Mumbai History). Apparently after portions of the sea-wall of the Vellard collapsed twice, the chief engineer, a Pathare Prabhu, dreamt of a Lakshmi statue in the sea near Worli. A search recovered it and he built a temple for it. After this, the work on the vellard could be completed without a hitch. Later a race course was also built at Mahalaxmi.


Get by
survive (from a financial standpoint) in difficult time, endure financially during a difficult situation (e.g.: "Now that my husband has lost his job, it is going to be very difficult to pay the rent, but I know that we will get by") 

Libertine

has come to mean one devoid of any restraints, especially one who ignores or even spurns religious norms, accepted morals, and forms of behaviour sanctioned by the larger society. The philosophy gained new-found adherents in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, particularly in France and Britain. Notable among these were John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, and the Marquis de Sade. "Libertine", like many words, is an evolving one, defined today as "a dissolute person; usually a person who is morally unrestrained". Charles-Maurice deTalleyrand wrote that Joseph Bonaparte "sought only life's pleasures and easy access to libertinism," while on the throne of Naples.[1] In modern times, libertinism has been associated with nihilismsadomasochism and free love.

Libertine was originally a negative term, derived by John Calvin, for opponents of his policies in Geneva, Switzerland. This group, led by Ami Perrin, argued against Calvin's "insistence that church discipline should be enforced uniformly against all members of Genevan society".[2]Perrin and his allies were elected to the town council in 1548, and "broadened their support base in Geneva by stirring up resentment among the older inhabitants against the increasing number of religious refugees who were fleeing France in even greater numbers".[2] By 1555,Calvinists were firmly in place on the Genevan town council, so the Libertines, led by Perrin, responded with an "attempted coup against the government and called for the massacre of the French ... This was the last great political challenge Calvin had to face in Geneva."[2]

Les Liaisons dangereuses (Dangerous Liaisons, 1782), an epistolary novel by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, is a trenchant description of sexual libertinism. Wayland Young argues that "…the mere analysis of libertinism… carried out by a novelist with such a prodigious command of his medium… was enough to condemn it and play a large part in its destruction." (Young, 1966, 246)


Charging Bull (sometimes called the Wall Street Bull or theBowling Green Bull)

is a 3,200 kg (7,000 poundbronze sculpture by Arturo Di Modica that sits in Bowling Green park near Wall Street in New York City.

The sculpture depicts a bull, the symbol of aggressive financial optimism and prosperity, leaning back on its haunches and with its head lowered as if ready to charge.

The sculpture, one of the city's most photographed artworks, has become a tourist destination in the Financial District. It has also come to be an unofficial symbol of the Financial District itself, and it often appears in the local news media to punctuate stories about optimism in the financial market.


Pulses

are annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape and color within a pod, according to the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO). Pulses are used for food and animal feed.

The term pulses, as used by the FAO, is reserved for crops harvested solely for the dry grain. This excludes green beans and green peas, which are considered vegetable crops. Also excluded are crops that are mainly grown for oil extraction (oilseeds like soybeans and peanuts), and crops which are used exclusively for sowing (clovers, alfalfa).

Pulses are important food crops due to their high protein and essential amino acid content. Like many leguminous crops, pulses play a key role in crop rotation due to their ability to fix nitrogen.



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